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Cysteine String Protein Controls Two Routes of Export for Misfolded Huntingtin

Cysteine String Protein Controls Two Routes of Export for Misfolded Huntingtin

DownLoad

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are secreted vesicles of diverse size and cargo that are implicated in the cell-to-cell transmission of disease-causing-proteins in several neurodegenerative diseases. Mutant huntingtin, the disease-causing entity in Huntington's disease, has an expanded polyglutamine track at the N terminus that causes the protein to misfold and form toxic intracellular aggregates. In Huntington's disease, mutant huntingtin aggregates are transferred between cells by several routes. We have previously identified a cellular pathway that is responsible for the export of mutant huntingtin via extracellular vesicles. Identifying the EV sub-populations that carry misfolded huntingtin cargo is critical to understanding disease progression. In this work we expressed a form of polyglutamine expanded huntingtin (GFP-tagged 72Qhuntingtinexon1) in cells to assess the EVs involved in cellular export. We demonstrate that the molecular chaperone, cysteine string protein (CSPα; DnaJC5), facilitates export of disease-causing-polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin cargo in 180–240 nm vesicles as well as larger 10–30 μm vesicles.

Reference

Pink, D., Donnelier, J., Lewis, J. D., & Braun, J. E. (2021). Cysteine String Protein Controls Two Routes of Export for Misfolded Huntingtin. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 15.

For Research Use Only. Not For Clinical Use.
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